1861: Corporal Leonard Doig to Cousin

Soldier of the 14th New York Infantry

Soldier of the 14th New York Infantry

This letter was written by 18 year-old Corporal Leonard Doig (1843-1912) of Company F, 14th New York Infantry. He was the son of railroad agent, James Doig (1808-1869), and Betsey Murray (1821-1888) of Oneida County, New York.

In 1870 Leonard was an unmarried bookkeeper with his brother Edward and boarding with the Orrin A. North family and 3 others in New Britain, Hartford Co., Connecticut. In 1880 he was a bookkeeper living with his brother Augustes in New Britain, Hartford Co., Connecticut.

Leonard left America on 24 July 1881 to travel on the European continent. In 1884 and 1885 he was a merchant at Cleveland Villa, Church Road, London. In 1888 he lived in London, England. returning to the US shortly after that time. Leonard departed Southampton and the ship New York and arrived at Ellis Island, NY on 14 Apr 1894. He returned to England and came back with his son Leonard Elliott on the ship St. Paul arriving alone at Ellis Island on 12 Apr 1897. He again went to England, returning with son Leonard on 7 Nov 1903 at
Boston on the ship Columbus.

In 1901 Leonard was a manager of hardware residing at 76 Hurstbourne Road, Lewisham, London with his wife Magdeline, children Florence and Leonard (chartered accountant clerk), and mother-in-law Harriet T. Elliott. In 1905 Leonard and his son Leonard were living with Augustus R. Doig at 26 High Street, New Britain, CT. In 1910 he was a bank accountant lodging at 96 Flushing Avenue, Queens, Queens Co., NY.

Leonard’s obituary appeared in the Watertown Daily Times on Wednesday, 30 Oct 1913:

FORMER OGDENSBURG MAN DIED IN EAST – LEONARD DOIG, VETERAN OF CIVIL WAR, DEAD IN MASSACHUSETTS – Boonville, October 30. – A telegram was received Tuesday morning by J. H. Doig announcing the death at 10 Monday night at Ashmont, Mass. of his oldest brother Leonard Doig. Leonard Doig was the eldest son of James and Betsey Murray Doig. He was born in Lowville, Sept. 19, 1843, and came to Boonville with the family when he was ten years old, where he resided until the breaking out of the Civil war, when he enlisted in Company F, under Capt. Charles Muller, 14th Regiment, N.Y.S.V., under Col., James McQuade of Utica. He served faithfully the two years that regiment was in active service, participating in every skirmish and battle during the bloody peninsula campaign, under Gen. George B. McClellan. After returning from the war he entered the banking house of Mr. Mirriam at Ogdensburg, where he remained for several years, and then removed to New Britain, Conn., where he was bookkeeper for the manufacturing firm of Russell & Erwin Manufacturing Co. Afterwards he was transferred to London, England where he officiated as manager of the firm’s London and continental business for many years. He returned to this country about 10 years ago, and has since resided in New Britain, Conn., and New York city. Mr. Doig was married three times and is survived by one son, Leonard Doig, and one daughter, Mrs. Florence D. Frost of Galveston, Tex. He is also survived by a sister Mrs. Angus C. Davies of Ashmont, Mass., and five brothers, James of New York, Edwin Murray of Denver, Colo., Augustus of New Britain, Conn., and Walter and John Howard of Boonville, N.Y.

In the Civil War, the 14th New York was made up of a majority of abolitionists from the Brooklyn area. It was led first by Colonel Alfred M. Wood and later by Colonel Edward Brush Fowler. The 14th Brooklyn was involved in heavy fighting, including most major engagements of the Eastern Theater. Their engagements included the First and Second Battles of Bull Run, the Battle of Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, The Wilderness, and Spotsylvania Court House. During the war, the men of the 14th Brooklyn were well known by both armies and throughout the country for their hard drill, hard fighting, and constant refusal to stand down from a fight. During their three years of service they never withdrew from battle in unorderly fashion.

On 7 December 1861, the State of New York officially changed the regiment’s designation to the 84th New York Volunteer Infantry (and its unit histories are sometimes found under this designation). But at the unit’s request and because of the fame attained by the unit at First Bull Run, the United States Army continued to refer to it as the 14th.

The 14th Brooklyn received its nickname, the “Red Legged Devils”, during the First Battle of Bull Run. Referring to the regiment’s colorful red trousers as the regiment repeatedly charged up Henry House Hill, Confederate General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson yelled to his men, “Hold On Boys! Here come those red legged devils again!”

In the early part of the war, when the 14th Brooklyn was in General Walter Phelps’ brigade, the brigade was named “Iron Brigade.” It would later to become known as the “Eastern Iron Brigade” after John Gibbon’s Black Hat Brigade was given the name “Western Iron Brigade”. At the conclusion of the war, all members of the “Eastern” or “First” Iron Brigade were given medals for their service within the Iron Brigade.

TRANSCRIPTION

Arlington, Virginia
September 2d 1861

Dear Cousin,

Yours of the 18th was fully received and I should have answered it before but I have not had much time to write lately. Besides that, there has nothing occurred that would be interesting to you. I suppose that you have heard of our great victory at Hatteras Inlet in which Gen’l Butler took so many prisoners and consequently I can write no news in regard to that.

There is nothing going on her at present except now and then a skirmish with the rebel pickets in which there is no great loss on either side. I was out on picket the other day but did not see anything of any consequence.

The health of the regiment is very good, some few of them having the fever and ague. As this regiment is a favorite one, we do not have any of the more laborious kind of work to do such as chopping and digging. So if you would like to enlist in a good regiment where no doubt you will have plenty of fighting, I would be very happy to have you in Company A.

I hope you will excuse this short and interesting letter and write again as soon as convenient.

From your affectionate Coz, — Leonard Doig

Advertisements

About Griff

My passion is studying American history leading up to & including the Civil War. I particularly enjoy reading, transcribing & researching primary sources such as letters and diaries. View all posts by Griff

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

Spared & Shared 18

Saving History One Letter at a Time

Letters of Charley Howe

36th Massachusetts Volunteers

Sgt. Fayette A. Lacey

Co. B, 37th Illinois Volunteers

"These few lines"

the pocket memorandum of Alexander C. Taggart

The Civil War Letters of Will Dunn

Co. F, 62nd Pennsylvania Volunteers

Henry McGrath Cannon

Co. A, 124th New York Infantry & Co. B, 16th New York Cavalry

Civil War Letters of Frederick Warren Holmes

Co. H, 77th Illinois Volunteers

"Though distant lands between us be"

Civil War Letters of Monroe McCollister, Co. B, 6th OVC

"Tell her to keep good heart"

Civil War Letters of Nelson Statler, 211th PA

"May Heaven Protect You"

14th Connecticut drummer boy's war-time correspondence with his mother

Moreau Forrest

Lt. Commander in the US Navy during the Civil War

Diary of the 29th Massachusetts Infantry

Fighting with the Irish Brigade during the Peninsula Campaign

"Till this unholy rebellion is crushed"

Letters of Dory & Morty Longwood, 7th Indiana

"I Go With Good Courage"

The Civil War Letters of Henry Clay Long, 11th Maine Infantry

"This is a dreadful war"

The Civil War Letters of Jacob Bauer, 16th Connecticut, & his wife Emily

Spared & Shared 16

Saving History One Letter at a Time

Lloyd Willis Manning Letters

3rd Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, Co. I

The Yankee Volunteer

A Virtual Archive of Civil War Likenesses collected by Dave Morin

William Henry Jordan

Co. K, 7th Rhode Island Infantry

No Cause to Blush

The Bancroft Collection of Civil War Letters

William A. Bartlett Civil War Letters

Company D, 37th Massachusetts Infantry

The John Hughes Collection

A Virtual Archive of his Letters, 1858-1869

The Civil War Letters of Rufus P. Staniels

Co. H, 13th New Hampshire Volunteers

This is Indeed A Singular War

The Civil War Letters of Henry Scott Murray, 8th New York Light Artillery

The Letters of James A. Durrett

Co. E, 18th Alabama Infantry

Spared & Shared 15

Saving History One Letter at a Time

The Civil War Letters of George Messer

Company F, 107th Illinois Volunteer Infantry

Jeff's Prayers are as Effective as Abe's

The Civil War Letters of George S. Youngs, 126th New York Vols

Soldiering is a Very Uncertain Game

The Civil War Letters of Lemuel Glidden, Co. K, 145th Indiana Infantry

Tough as a Pitch Pine Knot

Letters of John Whitcomb Piper, 4th Massachusetts Heavy Artillery

An Honorable Peace

The Civil War Letters of Frank B. Knause, 6th Michigan Infantry & Heavy Artillery

Looking for a Rebel to Give him a Pop

Letters to & from Sgt. John Henry Ward, 93rd PA Inf

Civil War Letters of William H. H. Kinsey

Co. H, 28th Illinois Infantry

Spared & Shared 14

Saving History One Letter at a Time

The 1863 Diary of Thomas Wilbur Manchester

A Rhode Island Soldier in the American Civil War

The Daniels/Stone Digital Archives

A Collection of Family Civil War Era Letters & Ephemera

Spared & Shared 13

Saving Civil War History One Letter At A Time

Dear Nellie

Civil War Letters of Thomas L. Bailey

Homefront Letters to Mark Rankin

Co. B, 27th Massachusetts Vols.

%d bloggers like this: